Pankajnath Tiwari :-
The Jharkhand Police is the law enforcement agency responsible for maintaining law and order in the state of Jharkhand, India. It was formed on November 15, 2000, when the state of Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar. The Jharkhand Police operates under the direct control of the Department of Home, Government of Jharkhand.
History: The history of policing in Jharkhand can be traced back to the British era when the region was a part of the larger Bihar and Orissa province. The region witnessed several tribal uprisings and movements against British rule during that time. However, the formal establishment of the Jharkhand Police took place after the formation of the state in 2000.
Work and Functions: The Jharkhand Police is entrusted with various responsibilities to maintain law and order, prevent crime, and protect the lives and property of the citizens. Some of its key functions include:
Crime Prevention and Detection: The police force is responsible for preventing and detecting crimes in the state. They conduct regular patrols, set up check-posts, and respond to distress calls to ensure public safety.
Maintenance of Law and Order: The Jharkhand Police maintains law and order by managing public gatherings, protests, and demonstrations. They take necessary actions to prevent any disruption of peace and harmony in the state.
Investigation and Prosecution: The police force carries out investigations into criminal offenses, collects evidence, and presents it before the courts for prosecution. They work closely with the judiciary and other law enforcement agencies to ensure the fair and efficient functioning of the criminal justice system.
Traffic Control and Road Safety: The Jharkhand Police regulate traffic, enforce traffic rules, and take measures to ensure road safety. They handle issues related to traffic congestion, accidents, and violations of traffic laws.
Specialized Units: The Jharkhand Police has various specialized units to deal with specific types of crimes and maintain public order. These units include the Special Task Force (STF) for combating organized crime, the Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) for countering terrorism, and the Cyber Crime Unit for addressing cybercrimes.
Community Policing: The Jharkhand Police actively engages with the community through initiatives like community policing. They promote cooperation between the police and the public, encouraging citizens to participate in crime prevention and maintaining a safe environment.
Training and Development: The police force conducts regular training programs to upgrade the skills and knowledge of its personnel. These programs aim to enhance professionalism, ethical conduct, and efficiency in their day-to-day operations.
Special Initiatives: The Jharkhand Police has implemented several special initiatives to address specific challenges. One such initiative is the “Saranda Action Plan” focused on combating Left-Wing Extremism in the Saranda forest area. It involves coordinated efforts with other security forces, development agencies, and local communities to bring about sustainable development and peace in the region.
Women Empowerment: The Jharkhand Police recognizes the importance of gender sensitivity and women’s empowerment. They have established specialized units like the Women Police Stations and Women Police Helpline to address issues related to crimes against women. These units ensure a safe and supportive environment for victims and facilitate their access to justice.
Technology Integration: The Jharkhand Police has embraced technological advancements to enhance their efficiency and effectiveness. They utilize advanced communication systems, surveillance cameras, and other modern equipment to monitor crime-prone areas, investigate cases, and respond swiftly to emergencies. The integration of technology helps them in maintaining better control over law and order situations.
Welfare Programs: The welfare of police personnel is given due importance by the Jharkhand Police. They have implemented various welfare programs to ensure the well-being of their officers and their families. These programs include healthcare facilities, housing schemes, scholarships for children, and financial assistance in times of need.
Road Safety Awareness: The Jharkhand Police actively promotes road safety awareness among the public. They conduct awareness campaigns, workshops, and educational programs to educate people about traffic rules, responsible driving, and the importance of wearing helmets and seat belts. Their efforts aim to reduce road accidents and save lives.
Disaster Management: The Jharkhand Police plays a crucial role in disaster management during natural calamities such as floods, earthquakes, and cyclones. They coordinate with other agencies to provide rescue and relief operations, maintain law and order in affected areas, and ensure the safety of the affected population.
Intelligence Gathering: The Jharkhand Police maintains a robust intelligence network to gather information on criminal activities, anti-social elements, and potential threats to public security. Intelligence inputs help them in planning and executing targeted operations against criminals and maintaining a proactive approach in crime prevention.
Training Institutes: Jharkhand Police has established training institutes to impart professional training to their personnel. These institutes provide specialized courses on various aspects such as investigation techniques, crowd control, cybercrime investigation, and leadership development. The training ensures that the police force remains competent and updated with the evolving nature of crimes.
Community Outreach Programs: The Jharkhand Police actively engages with the community through various outreach programs. They organize public meetings, interactive sessions, and awareness campaigns to build trust, strengthen police-public relations, and encourage cooperation in maintaining law and order. These initiatives promote a sense of security and foster a collaborative approach towards community safety.
Anti-Human Trafficking Efforts: The Jharkhand Police is committed to combating human trafficking, which is a significant concern in the region. They have set up specialized units and anti-human trafficking cells to address this issue. These units work in close coordination with other law enforcement agencies, NGOs, and social organizations to rescue victims, arrest traffickers, and prevent the illegal trafficking of persons.
Police Modernization: The Jharkhand Police continuously focuses on modernizing its infrastructure and adopting advanced technologies. This includes the establishment of modern police stations, equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, and the provision of modern weapons, vehicles, and communication systems to police personnel. Such initiatives enable them to respond effectively to evolving challenges and maintain a proactive approach in their operations.
Traffic Management: The Jharkhand Police places significant emphasis on traffic management to ensure the smooth flow of vehicles and reduce congestion. They implement traffic control measures, install traffic signals, and conduct regular traffic awareness campaigns to educate drivers and pedestrians about road safety rules. The traffic police personnel are deployed at key junctions to regulate traffic and take necessary action against traffic violators.
Youth Engagement: Recognizing the importance of youth engagement in maintaining law and order, the Jharkhand Police actively involves young people through initiatives like youth clubs, sports activities, and skill development programs. These efforts aim to channel the energy and potential of youth towards constructive activities, reducing their vulnerability to anti-social influences and criminal activities.
Anti-Narcotics Operations: The Jharkhand Police conducts regular anti-narcotics operations to curb the illicit drug trade in the state. They work in collaboration with other agencies to identify drug networks, apprehend drug traffickers, and seize narcotics substances. These operations help in safeguarding the youth from the menace of drug abuse and addiction.
International Cooperation: The Jharkhand Police maintains cooperative relationships with law enforcement agencies at the national and international levels. They participate in joint operations, share intelligence, and collaborate on matters of mutual interest such as counter-terrorism, transnational crimes, and extradition of fugitives. Such collaborations enhance the effectiveness of their operations and contribute to global security efforts.
Welfare of Vulnerable Groups: The Jharkhand Police takes special care in ensuring the welfare and protection of vulnerable groups in society. They prioritize the safety of children, women, and senior citizens. Special cells and helplines are set up to address issues related to child rights, domestic violence, and elder abuse. The police work closely with social welfare organizations to provide support and assistance to those in need.
Disaster Response Teams: The Jharkhand Police has dedicated disaster response teams equipped with specialized training and equipment to handle various emergency situations. These teams are trained in search and rescue operations, medical assistance, and providing relief to affected individuals during natural disasters or any other crisis. They work in coordination with other disaster management agencies to ensure a swift and effective response.
Crime Prevention through Social Media: The Jharkhand Police actively utilizes social media platforms to connect with the public and disseminate information. They use social media channels to create awareness about crime prevention, share updates on wanted criminals, seek public cooperation in solving cases, and provide safety tips. This digital outreach helps in reaching a wider audience and encourages citizens to actively participate in maintaining law and order.
Counterterrorism Measures: Given the security challenges faced in some regions, the Jharkhand Police has implemented robust counterterrorism measures. They collaborate with intelligence agencies and conduct operations to neutralize terrorist activities, disrupt terror networks, and prevent any threats to national security. Specialized training programs and equipment are provided to personnel involved in counterterrorism efforts.
Police-public Coordination Meetings: The Jharkhand Police regularly organizes coordination meetings with various stakeholders, including community leaders, representatives of local businesses, and residents’ associations. These meetings provide a platform for open dialogue, addressing concerns, and discussing strategies to improve community safety. It allows the police to understand the specific needs and challenges of different localities and devise effective solutions.
Anti-Corruption Initiatives: The Jharkhand Police is committed to maintaining integrity and transparency within its ranks. They have established anti-corruption units and conduct periodic checks to identify and take action against corrupt practices. Whistleblower protection mechanisms are in place to encourage citizens to report instances of corruption within the police force.
Training and Capacity Building: The Jharkhand Police emphasizes continuous training and capacity building of its personnel. They collaborate with national and international training institutions to provide specialized courses on advanced investigation techniques, forensic science, modern policing methods, and human rights. The objective is to enhance the professional skills and knowledge of the police force, enabling them to handle complex crimes and emerging challenges effectively.