Sundar Kand Journey.

Sundar Kand Journey.

Pankajnath Tiwari :-
The “Sundara Kand” is a significant section of the Indian epic, the Ramayana. It is the fifth book of the Valmiki Ramayana, which is believed to have been composed by the sage Valmiki. The Ramayana tells the story of Lord Rama, his wife Sita, and their adventures in the quest to rescue Sita from the demon king Ravana.

The Sundara Kand specifically focuses on the journey of Hanuman, the mighty monkey deity, to Lanka (the kingdom of Ravana) to find Sita and deliver a message from Lord Rama. The word “Sundara” translates to “beautiful” in Sanskrit, indicating the exceptional nature of this section.

In the Sundara Kand, Hanuman displays his extraordinary strength, intelligence, and devotion to Lord Rama. He crosses the ocean, faces numerous challenges, and ultimately finds Sita in Ashoka Vatika, the garden where she is held captive by Ravana. Hanuman reassures Sita of Lord Rama’s intentions to rescue her and presents her with his ring as proof of his authenticity.

Hanuman then wreaks havoc in Lanka by setting fire to Ravana’s city before returning to Lord Rama with the news of Sita’s location. The Sundara Kand showcases Hanuman’s unwavering loyalty, his prowess as a warrior, and his ability to accomplish seemingly impossible tasks.

Hanuman’s Leap: One of the most iconic episodes in the Sundara Kand is Hanuman’s mighty leap across the ocean to reach Lanka. With his immense strength and devotion, Hanuman leaped over the vast expanse of water, displaying his divine capabilities.

Meeting Vibhishana: During his search for Sita, Hanuman encounters Vibhishana, Ravana’s brother who is against his brother’s evil actions. Vibhishana provides Hanuman with valuable information about Sita’s whereabouts and offers his support to Lord Rama’s cause.

Hanuman’s Size: Hanuman possesses the ability to change his size at will. In the Sundara Kand, Hanuman minimizes his size while exploring Ravana’s palace in order to remain unnoticed. However, he enlarges his form when confronting enemies or when it serves his purpose.

Hanuman’s Burning Tail: While in Lanka, Hanuman’s tail is set on fire by the demons. Undeterred, he uses this opportunity to create chaos and devastation in the city by igniting numerous buildings and structures. This act of setting Lanka ablaze is a powerful symbol of Hanuman’s might and determination.

Hanuman’s Encounter with Ravana: In a gripping moment, Hanuman confronts Ravana himself. Despite being captured by the demon king, Hanuman fearlessly engages in a conversation with him, highlighting Ravana’s folly and emphasizing the inevitable defeat of evil at the hands of Lord Rama.

Hanuman’s Return to Lord Rama: After successfully locating Sita and delivering Lord Rama’s message, Hanuman returns to his Lord. He shares the news of Sita’s well-being and the details of his adventure, reaffirming his devotion and commitment to Lord Rama’s mission.

Hanuman’s Search for Herbs: While exploring Lanka, Hanuman encounters a garden of celestial herbs called Sanjivani. He is unsure which herb would heal Lakshmana, who was injured during the battle with Ravana’s son. To ensure he doesn’t return empty-handed, Hanuman carries the entire mountain on his shoulder back to the battlefield.

Hanuman’s Devotion to Lord Rama: Throughout the Sundara Kand, Hanuman’s unwavering devotion to Lord Rama is showcased. He constantly chants Rama’s name, meditates on his form, and seeks his guidance in every step of his journey. His devotion becomes a source of inspiration for devotees who aspire to deepen their own connection with the divine.

Hanuman’s Transformation: In one episode, Hanuman assumes a more intimidating form to strike fear into the hearts of Ravana’s demon warriors. By expanding his size, growing multiple heads and arms, and emitting a radiant glow, Hanuman showcases his divine power and ability to protect those in need.

Hanuman’s Meeting with Sursa: On his way to Lanka, Hanuman encounters Sursa, a powerful demoness who blocks his path. Sursa challenges Hanuman to enter her mouth, but Hanuman cleverly expands his size to such an extent that Sursa’s mouth cannot contain him. Impressed by his wit, Sursa allows Hanuman to continue his journey.

Hanuman’s Reflection on Sita’s Virtues: When Hanuman finds Sita in Ashoka Vatika, he expresses his reverence for her virtuous qualities. He praises her unwavering loyalty to Lord Rama, her purity, grace, and resilience in the face of adversity. Hanuman’s admiration for Sita highlights her importance as a role model for women and symbolizes the ideal qualities of devotion and strength.

Hanuman’s Blessings: Upon meeting Hanuman, Sita recognizes his exceptional devotion and grants him her blessings. She assures him that his name will be chanted alongside Lord Rama’s, and he will forever remain an integral part of their divine saga.

Hanuman’s Hanuman Chalisa: The Sundara Kand contains the famous prayer known as the Hanuman Chalisa. The Hanuman Chalisa is a forty-verse hymn dedicated to Hanuman and is recited by millions of devotees worldwide. It praises Hanuman’s virtues, recounts his deeds, and seeks his blessings for protection and spiritual upliftment.

Hanuman’s Encounter with Surasa: Before reaching Lanka, Hanuman encounters Surasa, a sea monster sent by the gods to test his strength and determination. Surasa opens her mouth wide to devour Hanuman, but he shrinks his form, easily slips through her jaws, and continues his journey.

Hanuman’s Reunion with Lord Rama: After completing his mission in Lanka, Hanuman returns to Lord Rama to deliver the news of Sita’s whereabouts. The reunion between Hanuman and Lord Rama is a moment of immense joy and celebration. Hanuman narrates his adventures, and Lord Rama expresses his gratitude and admiration for Hanuman’s unwavering devotion.

Hanuman’s Symbolic Significance: Hanuman represents various virtues and qualities in Hindu mythology. He is seen as the embodiment of strength, loyalty, wisdom, humility, and devotion. His selfless service to Lord Rama and his unwavering dedication make him an inspiration for devotees striving to lead a righteous life.

Hanuman’s Role in the War: While the Sundara Kand primarily focuses on Hanuman’s journey to find Sita, it also highlights his crucial role in the subsequent battle between Lord Rama’s army and Ravana’s forces. Hanuman’s valor, combat skills, and strategic contributions play a significant part in the eventual victory of good over evil.

Hanuman’s Importance in Hindu Culture: Hanuman is one of the most revered deities in Hinduism. His worship is believed to bestow strength, courage, protection, and spiritual growth. Hanuman temples are found in various parts of India, and his devotees observe Tuesdays and Saturdays as auspicious days dedicated to him.

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